Archive for April, 2009
This is where it all began, the offhsore sailing bug, on board Lion New Zealand, Sir Peter Blakes well know Sydney Hobart winner and second place in the Whitbread Around the World Race.
Mid 2008 I had the opportunity to deliver Maximus the 100ft Super Maxi back from Sydney, Australia to Auckland, New Zealand, it’s home port.
This was a great experience for me as it was the first 100ft race yacht I had sailed on, in addition it was my first trans tasman crossing and I was sailing with one of New Zealand’s offshore legends, Ross Feild as skipper. I have to say Ross was very obliging with the many questions I put to him regarding how he got his campaigns off the ground, thanks Ross! and good luck with your Americas Cup team.
Sadly the journey turned out to be very beautiful, but not very eventful as far as weather systems are concerned, I certainly learnt just how much grunt is required when it came to sail changes and when the mighty Code 0 went up, getting it down was something else with a delivery crew of only eight people.
All told a worthwhile sail and yet more miles and learning under my belt.
Determination: Without the detemination to stay 100% focused on the task (s) at hand the life of a double handed sailor would be turbulent
Fitness: To physically handle the Class 40 and all that entails including the huge sails (Up to 10 for an around the world race) requires a high level of specialized fitness, particularly upper body strength, balance and endurance.
Nutrition: As with fitness the energy or food that the solo sailor uses when, what and how much is essential to ensuring he/she has the ability to continue for months at a time at the highest level of peak performance.
Medical: In the middle of the Southern Ocean with only yourself and your co-skipper to attend to any injuries sustained, the double handed sailor has to be thorougly trained to be able to handle most potential incidences, from stitching your tongue back on, cuts, bruises, infections to dealing with a broken limp.
Sleep Management: Quite possibly the most important of all the disciplines, the double handed sailor is required to manage his or her sleep continuously for months at a time. The average double handed sailor will sleep for four to five hours in a twenty four hour period of which any given time is thirty to forty minutes, at wakening the sailor is required to be at peak performance straight away.
Meteorology: Understanding the weather and further being able to read, predict and determine angles, points of sail, sail plan etc is absolutley essential on board an Class 40.
Navigation: As with meteorology, the solo sailor has no one else to discuss navigation strategy with, they are on their own and need to be able to couple the learnings from the meteorology, information from the navigation equipment and what is going on around them to determine the best and fastest route along with the right sails and balance on the yacht.
Sailing and Seamanship: The double handed sailor does everything on board, from bowman, mastman, keyboard, helmsman, navigator, fix it person and everything in between, so a complete understanding of everything there is to know is essential to both speed and safety.
The Mind: Sports Psychology is essential for double handed sailors, when the body wants to give up or have a break the mind must take over and ensure the level of competitiveness is maintained at the highest level.
Mechanical / DIY Skills: The solo sailor is responsible for absolutely everything on board the yacht, so if anything goes wrong there is only you to fix it. Training for all onboard mechanical is essential.
Friday Night was a last minute Rum race aboard the mighty Jagged Edge the SR26 co-owned by Josh. The crew for the race was myself, Josh, Andrew Wills, or Willzy, Norm the Rambler Boat Captain, Jamie from Custom Marine and Richard who is the Skipper of the super yacht Silvertip .
As with any rum race the key is fun and from the outset we were going to get heaps of that as we were definetely at the very end of the SR26′s wind range with gusts up to 30 knots. We had the smaller cruising main and the number 3 up, for the entire circuit we were treated to a lot of spray, a thumping upwind and a great sail downwind (no kites aloud), at one point as we were coming to round the second mark Jamie decided to chase the waves and we had a great ride until we realised we actually needed to round the mark.
As with all these races I gain more insight and learning each time out and I have to say it’s such a pleasure sailing with a crew as well schooled as these guys.
The Coastal Classic Yacht Race from Devonport Wharf to Russell Wharf in the Bay of Islands, is New Zealand’s premier fleet yacht race and has been held annually at Labour weekend since its inception in 1982.
The original concept was the inspiration of Roger Dilley from the then Auckland Multihull Sailing Association (now the NZ Multihull Yacht Club) loosely based on the speed record attempts by power boats dating back to the 1920′s over the same course.
Roger’s original idea developed into being a full on drag race with the first boat into Russell being the overall winner. AMSA then put the challenge out to all multihull and keeler owners to join this non-stop race to the bar in Russell, push their boats and crews to the max and overall have an exhilarating fun weekend.
Twelve intrepid skippers and crews took up the challenge and when Roger put the final magic touch to the race by dreaming up the name – the “Coastal Classic” had arrived. The fleet was divided into one multihull division and several monohulls, by length but no handicap. Boats ranged in size from the Peter Williams’ 62 foot Fidelis down to Alex and Mathew Flynn’s 24-foot trimaran Gulf Chariot.
The inaugural Coastal Classic Yacht Race began in light conditions at 0900hrs Saturday October 23rd with monohull Fidelis leading the fleet past North Head. Multihulls Krisis and Sundancer got into the action as the winds freshened once out of the inner harbour with their match racing and fierce competitiveness from there onwards setting the scene for all Coastal Classic races to come.
Krisis, skippered by Duncan (Cookie) Stuart was the first boat into Russell and his record of 18 hours was not broken for 4 years, although the armchair experts thought it would be easily broken. Andrew Wallace on his Farr 11.6 keeler Hawkeye waved the flag for the monohulls by finishing a creditable 50 minutes behind the first two speedy multis.
Headlines and quotes from 1982 -
“Where do you sleep on these things?” – “You don’t!”
( Experienced offshore skipper Ray Hasler asks Cookie Stuart of Krisis )
Tense Battle for Honours – (8 O’Clock News)
Multi-hulls show way – (Russell correspondent)
Krisis scoots in 3 hours clear – (NZ Herald)
Sundancer goes wrong way – (NZ Herald)
A Thrash from Devonport to Russell – ‘Terrific! In the middle of Piercy channel at midnight. The foam on rocks is only yards away. Ray, couldn’t we just go about now…..pleeease?’ (Shane Kelly from Seaspray onboard Krisis’)
By Brian Williams
December 30, 2008 12:00am
An albatross chick has been found dead with 272 pieces of plastic in its gut.
The haul included a cigarette lighter, nine bottle tops, 10 lids, a lollipop stick, twine, fishing line, a fork and a toy wheel.
It was found at Dunedin, New Zealand, but Australian wildlife carers said the 250g load was no surprise.
They routinely find animals such as marine turtles and seabirds dying from plastic-clogged stomachs.
Albatross are found mainly in colder southern waters but injured birds often stray as far north as Fraser Island.
Australian Seabird Rescue spokesman Keith Williams yesterday said he had seen 180 different kinds of plastic pulled from the gut of a marine turtle.
“It’s an awful lot of plastic and shows just how much is out there,” Mr Williams said. “We have to draw the line on disposable plastic.”
Mr Williams said so much plastic was floating in the so-called North Pacific garbage patch – where circulating currents meet – that it covered an area the size of Texas. It holds an estimated 6kg of plastic for every 1kg of animal life.
Australia produces more than 60kg for every person each year and much of it ends up in landfill or oceans.
The following article was kindly researched and written by Adrienne Kholer.
The ocean is the life support system for our planet. It provides much of the air we breathe, much of the food we eat and serves as the basis of our ecosystem.
Degradation of this support system, caused by marine debris, climate change, overﬁshing, pollutants, and habitat destruction, is exacting a price we can no longer aﬀord to pay. Our ocean cannot protect us unless it is healthy and resilient and, sadly, our ocean sick.
Sources of Marine Debris
Plastic debris originates from a wide range of sources Estimates suggest around 80% of marine debris originate from land-based sources and the
remaining 20% is from ocean-based sources.
The eﬀect of coastal littering and dumping is compounded by vectors such as rivers and storm drains discharging litter from inland urban areas. Huge volumes of non-organic wastes, including plastics and synthetics, are produced in more developed, industrialised countries. Conversely, in less developed and more rural economies, generally a much smaller amount of these non-biodegradable persistent wastes are produced. However, in the future, as less developed countries become more industrialised, it is likely that they will also produce more plastic and synthetic wastes and this will increase further the threat of pollution of the marine environment.
Tourism related litter at the coast: this includes litter left by beach goers such as food and drink packaging, cigarettes and plastic beach toys.
Sewage Related Debris: this includes water from storm drains and combined sewer overﬂows which discharge waste water directly into the sea or rivers during heavy rainfall. These waste waters carry with them garbage such as street litter, condoms and syringes.
Fishing Related debris: this includes ﬁshing lines and nets, ﬁshing pots and strapping bands from bait boxes that are lost accidentally by commercial ﬁshing boats or are deliberately dumped into the ocean
Waste from ships and boats: this includes rubbish which is accidentally or deliberately dumped overboard.
While the types of debris are as diverse as the products found around
the world, it all shares a common origin – people
Plastics may be releasing pollutants because of their original additive components. Additives like, Nonylphenols, PBDEs, Phthalates, and Bisphenol A (BPA), are added to plastic during production to catalyze monmers into polymers and give it diﬀerent properties like ﬂexibility, durability and UV resistance. Some of these chemicals are considered hormone-disrupters.
These chemicals have the potential to be released from plastics and enter the marine environment. Additives even contaminate the foods they are designed to protect. As an example, BPA has been linked with cancer and “mimics the activity of the endocrine disrupting chemicals. New research also demonstrates that plastics absorb, transport, and desorb hydrophobic pollutants. Nonylphenols, PCBs, DDT and DDE are three of the hydrophobic
pollutants that are carried or absorbed by plastic particles and released by plastic debris
Top 10 Debris Items Collected Worldwide
2007 Ocean Conservancy’s Interantional
Cigarettes/cigarette ﬁlters 1,971,551
Food wrappers/containers 693,612
Beverage bottles (plastic) 494,647
Beverage bottles (glass) 349,143
Cigar tips 325,893
Beverage Cans 208,292
Total Top 10 debris worldwide 6,088,027
Top 10 debris worldwide 7,238,201
Marine pollution is pervasive
Marine pollution is one of the most signiﬁcant environmental problems facing mankind. Two thirds of the Earth is covered by interconnected oceans,making marine debris a global issue. It is found ﬂoating in all the world’s oceans, from the polar regions to the equator.
Marine debris is deﬁned as any manmade object discarded, disposed of or abandoned that enters the coastal or marine environment. It may enter from a ship, or when washed out to sea via rivers, streams and storm drains. Since the 1960s, plastics have become the major cause of marine pollution. Our use of natural materials has been largely replaced with durable, highly buoyant synthetic items. Between 1960 and 2000, the world production of plastic resins increased 25-fold, while recovery of the material remained below 5%. Between 1970 and 2003, plastics became the fastest growing segment of the US municipal waste stream, increasing nine-fold, and marine litter is now 60–80% plastic, reaching 90–95% in some areas. Plastics are now used virtually
everywhere. They are durable, lightweight, cheap, and can be made into virtually anything. It is the very properties that make plastics so useful, their stability and resistance to degradation, that causes them to be so harmful when they are discarded.
60 billion tons of plastic are produced
yearly and most of this for single use
Once they enter the ocean these products – such as cigarette ﬁlters, food wrappers, beverage bottles and cans, grocery and trash bags, and ﬁshing line, nets and gear – can travel for hundreds of thousands of miles on ocean currents, posing a threat to ocean ecosystems and wild- life along the way.
Plastics persist in the environment and do readily degrade by natural biological mechanisms. However, plastics in the ocean are weathered; broken up either mechanically or by the action of sunlight into smaller and smaller fragments. Eventually, these are reduced to into tiny pieces the size of grains of sand. These particles have been found suspended in seawater and on the seabed in sediments. Even such tiny particles may be causing harm to the marine environment since they are ingested by small sea creatures and may concentrate persistent organic pollutants (POPs) present in the seas.
No one knows the true length of time it will take for these plastic pieces to biodegrade, but researchers estimate that it could be several centuries. This is alarming, especially considering that 60 billion tons of plastic are being produced every year, and most of this for single use.
How long does trash take to decompose?
*A tin can that entered the ocean in
1986 is still decomposing in 2036
*A plastic bottle that entered the
ocean in 1986 is decomposing in
*A glass bottle that entered the ocean
in 1986 is decomposing in year
There are a number of global, international and national initiatives in place that are aimed at protecting the oceans from marine debris. The most far reaching of these is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships (MARPOL). Annex V of MARPOL was introduced in 1988 with the intention of banning the dumping of most garbage and all plastic materials from ships at sea. A total of 122 countries have ratiﬁed the treaty. There is some evidence that the implementation of MARPOL has reduced the marine debris problem but other research shows that it does not appear to have any positive impact. It must also be remembered that an estimated 80% of marine debris originates from sources on land. Even with total global compliance with MARPOL these sources would remain.Other measures to address marine debris include manual clean-up operations of shorelines and the sea ﬂoor as well as school and public education programmes. While the
above measures are important at preventing or reducing the problem of marine debris, the ultimate solution to waste prevention is to implement a responsible waste strategy, namely the concept of “Zero Waste” . Such a strategy encompasses waste reduction, reuse and recycling as well as producer responsibility and ecodesign. Ultimately, this would mean reduction of the use of plastics and synthetics such that they are only used where absolutely necessary and where they have been designed for ease of recycling within existing recovery infrastructure. It is possible that biode-
gradable plastics could be used where plastic was deemed necessary but could not be seen as an environmentally sound alternative unless they are known to break down rapidly to non-hazardous substances in natural environ-
ments.However, the vast majority of debris cannot be removed due to its small size and abundance. By focusing eﬀorts on urban areas, we focus on the most signiﬁcant sources and conveyances of debris. Since there is no viable way to clean up the small plastic particles once they reach waterways,
especially the ocean, the best way to begin mitigating the marine debris problem is to stop the ﬂow of debris to the marine environment.
Only 3-5% of plastic is currently recycled. There are seven diﬀerent types of plastics in general use, all of which have numbers with the recycling triangle symbol. However, of those seven, only two can actually be recycled.
Plastics with the number 1 triangle that makes up water and soda bottles, and
the number 2 triangle that is used for milk jugs, are the only plastics that can be recycled at this time. Also, recycling plastic is diﬀerent from recycling other products like glass and aluminum that can be made back into the products they were before. Recycled plastics cannot be used for food again because plastic melts at low temperatures, so chemicals and residue of past contents remain in the plastic. The plastics’ molecular composition changes, its quality degrades, and the range of its usefulness shrinks.20 Plastics cannot be melted at higher temperatures because this process releases toxins into the air. So recycled plastic must be downgraded and enter items that will not normally come into contact with food products. A milk jug can not be recycled into a new milk jug unless a new layer of virgin plastic is put on the inside of the jug to protect the milk from the chemicals absorbed by the recycled plastic. Virgin plastic is cheaper to use than recycled plastic, so most manufacturers opt for the virgin material. Most of this recycled plastic becomes clothing or carpet that goes to the landﬁll once its second use is ﬁnished. Some of the lower quality plastic that has been ‘recycled’ is actually shipped to Asia, where it goes into landﬁlls
The need for educational awareness
Much of the marine debris arises from conscious acts of littering or dumping by individuals. Each person throws away approximately 185 pounds of plastic per year. The natural tendency when littering is to be rid of one’s garbage as fast as possible. Once a product is purchased, then consumed, the left over bi-product becomes garbage that a person naturally seeks to rid himself or herself of as quickly as possible. If there are no garbage or recycling bins nearby, the average person will drop it after a short period of time. Plastics’ lightweight makes it prone to ﬂying away even if it does land in a proper trash
receptacle. Providing easy access collection receptacles, thus not requiring people to make a special trip is a cost-effective
way to mitigate natural tendencies.
Communication is essential. Since human behavior is the major cause of marine debris, it is important to educate the public about the problems, so that the average person does not just drop their trash, but waits to ﬁnd a garbage bin or preferably a recycling container to throw away unwanted product. The message needs to be clear and delivered in an effective way to reach the target audience. The presence of debris along shorelines can lead to serious economic problems for regions that are dependent on tourism. For example, California has a $46 billion ocean tourism industry and the trashed beaches are having a detrimental effect. The cost of removing the polluted debris reaches millions of dollars every year. Managing solid waste has high costs for both collecting it and its ultimate recycling and disposal. Reducing the wastes generated in the ﬁrst place is the most cost effective means to address the issue, as less waste reduces both the costs of managing it and the chances for debris being released.
Harm to Wildlife
Countless marine animals and sea birds become entangled in marine debris or ingest it. This can cause them serious harm and often results in their death. Marine debris which is known to cause entanglement includes derelict ﬁshing gear such as nets and mono-ﬁlament line and also six-pack rings and
ﬁshing bait box strapping bands. This debris can cause death by drowning, suﬀocation, strangulation, starvation through reduced feeding eﬃciency, and injuries. Particularly aﬀected are seals and sea lions, probably due to their very inquisitive nature of investigating objects in their environment. Entangle-
ment rates in these animals of up to 7.9% of a population have been recorded. Furthermore, in some instances entanglement is a threat to the recovery of already reduced population sizes. An estimated 58% of seal and sea lion species are known to have been aﬀected by entanglement including the Hawaiian monk seal, Australian sea lions, New Zealand fur seals and species in the Southern Ocean.
Whales, dolphins, porpoises, turtles, manatees and seabirds have all been reported to have suﬀered from entanglement. Many diﬀerent species of whale and turtle have been reported to have been tangled in plastic. Manatees have been found with scars or missing ﬂippers due to entanglement. 51 species of
seabirds are also known to have been eﬀected . Derelict ﬁshing gear also causes damage to coral reefs when nets or lines get snagged by the reef and break it oﬀ.
* Filter – feeding animals, mucous web feeding jellies and salps, are found to be heavily impacted by plastic fragments. The smaller the fragments, the fewer of them were found to be free floating, indicating that filter feeders had caught them.
* Filter feeders are at the lower end of the food chain, and ﬁfty species of ﬁsh and many turtles are known to eat them, thus accumulating plastics in their stomachs.
* Plastic materials accumulate and concentrate organic chemicals and environmental pollutants up to one million times their concentration in the surrounding sea water.
Ingestion of Marine Debris
Ingestion of marine debris is known to particularly eﬀect sea turtles and seabirds but is also a problem for marine mammals and ﬁsh. Ingestion is generally thought to occur because the marine debris is mistaken for prey. Most of that erroneously ingested is plastic. Diﬀerent types of debris are ingested by marine animals including plastic bags, plastic pellets and fragments of plastic that have been broken up from larger items. The biggest threat from ingestion occurs when it blocks the digestive tract, or ﬁlls the stomach, resulting in malnutrition, starvation and potentially death. Studies have shown that a high proportion (about 50 to 80%) of sea turtles found dead
are known to have ingested marine debris. This can have a negative impact on turtle populations. In young turtles, a major problem is dietary dilution in which debris takes up some of the gut capacity and threatens their ability to take on necessary quantities of food. For seabirds, 111 out of 312 species are known to have ingested debris and it can aﬀect a large percentage of a population (up to 80%). Moreover, plastic debris is also known to be passed to the chicks in regurgitated food from their parents. One harmful eﬀect from plastic.
Discarded or lost ﬁshing nets and pots can continue to trap and catch ﬁsh even when they are no longer in use. Known as ghost ﬁshing, it can result in the capture of large quantities of marine organisms. Consequently, it has become a concern with regard to conservation of ﬁsh stocks in some areas and has resulted in economic losses for ﬁsheries.
“The base of the marine food chain is being displaced by a non-digestible, non-nutritive component which is actually out-weighing and out-numbering the natural food. “
Charles Moore, Captain, ORV Alguita; Founder.
Potential Invasion of Alien Species
Plastic debris which ﬂoats on the oceans can act as rafts for small sea creatures to grow and travel on. Plastic can travel for long distances and therefore there is a possibility that marine animals and plants have been found in the oceans in areas remote from their source. This represents a potential threat for the marine environment should an alien species become established. It is postulated that the slow speed at which plastic debris crosses oceans makes it an ideal vehicle for this. The organisms have plenty of time to adapt to diﬀerent water and climatic conditions.
The Ocean Garbage Dumps
The North Paciﬁc Central Gyre has six times by weight more plastic particles than zooplankton exist in this location.Hence the common nickname for this region is the “Eastern Garbage Patch”, as the gyre traps and holds the trash unwittingly discarded by humans.
Many studies have been carried out in diﬀerent countries and oceans estimating the quantity of plastic on beaches, the sea ﬂoor, in the water column, and on the sea surface. Most of these studies have focused on large
(macro) debris. A limited body of literature also exists concerning small to microscopic particles (micro debris). The results show that marine debris is ubiquitous in the world’s oceans and shorelines. Higher quantities are found in the tropics and in the mid-latitudes compared to areas towards the poles. It has been noted that high quantities are often found in shipping lanes, around ﬁshing areas and in oceanic convergence zones. studies on diﬀerent areas of the marine environment reported quantities of ﬂoating marine debris that were generally in the range of 0-10 items of debris per km2. Higher values were reported in the English Channel (10-100+ items/km2) and Indonesia (more than 4 items in every m2). Floating micro debris has been measured at much higher levels: the North Paciﬁc Gyre, a debris convergence zone, was found to contain maximum levels, that when extrapolated, represent, near to a million items per square kilometre
The North Paciﬁc Central Gyre is a convergence zone with high atmospheric pressure, thus having weak currents and winds. With little current moving the water, marine debris that has been circulating in the oceans gets caught in these gyres (six in all). The Algalita Marine Research Foundation has performed multiple studies in the North Paciﬁc Central Gyre and has found that six times by weight more plastic particles than zooplankton exist in this location.8 Hence the common nickname for this region is the “Eastern Garbage Patch”, as the gyre traps and holds the trash unwittingly discarded by humans. Plastics have been found throughout the ocean water column. Some plastic is buoyant (it ﬂoats), some neutrally buoyant, while other plastic is heavier and sinks. The plastic particles that ﬂoat will circulate through the ocean currents, often travelling great distances as can be seen from the variety of debris on various coast lines. Uninhabited islands have some of the worst marine debris problems (as in the case of Kure Atollcurrents along their borders washing up debris from inhabited places.
The seabed, especially near to coastal regions, is also contaminated predominantly with plastic bags. Plastic is also found coastlines from populous regions to the shores of very remote uninhabited islands.
Research has shown that marine debris was present on the seaﬂoor in several locations in European waters, and also in the USA, Caribbean and Indonesia. In European waters the highest quantity recorded was 101,000 items/km2 and in Indonesia the equivalent of 690,000 items/ km2. Surveys of shorelines around the world have recorded the quantity of marine debris either as the number of items per km of shoreline or the number of items per square meter of shoreline. The highest values reported were for Indonesia (up to 29.1 items per m) and Sicily (up to 231 items per m).
Uninhabited islands have some of the worst marine debris problems just from the currents along their borders washing up debris from inhabited places.
|COASTAL CLASSIC||OCTOBER 2010|
|WHITE ISLAND||NOVEMBER 2010|
|SYDNEY HOBART||DECEMBER 2010|
|ROUND NORTH ISLAND||FEBRUARY 2011|
|AUCKLAND TAURANGA||APRIL 2011|
|AUCKLAND FIJI||JUNE 2011|
|New Zealand Promotional and Education Tour||JULY 2011|
|GLOBAL OCEAN RACE 2011 2012||AUGUST 2011|
|COASTAL CLASSIC||OCTOBER 2012|
|NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL / HOSPITALITY TOUR||2013 / 2014|
|Transat Jacque Vabre||OCTOBER 2014|
|VENDEE GLOBE||NOVEMBER 2015 – FEBRUARY 2016|
Born in Auckland, 42-year-old David has lived near the coast for most of his life. Today he lives in the seaside suburb of Devonport, Auckland, New Zealand with his wife Leanne and two children, Georgia, and Levi. From his house, he regularly strolls to the beach to check the wind and yachts racing on the Hauraki Gulf. That is of course if he’s not out there himself. After leaving school, David became involved in the music industry and in 1997 formed Satellite Media. As CEO, David utilized his natural talent for leadership, organization and entrepreneurship to build Satellite Media into one of New Zealand’s premier television, publishing, online and mobiledigital content specialists. In 2004 David was responsible for developing and launching New Zealand’s first music digital download site and in 2006 David won the most prestigious award possible in New Zealand “best Entertainment Programme” at the Qantas Television Awards, a true acknowledgement of his achievements in the industry over the previous decade. In 2005 David graduated from Icehouse (The Innovation Centre For Entrepeneurship) at Auckland University and was elected by his peers to sit on the Alumni Advisory Board. But it was after co creating and then Executive Producing a reality television series “The Ultimate Challenge” about sailing which began in 2003 and lead directly to David’s first blue water sail on Lion New Zealand in the 2006 Auckland Fiji Ocean Race that David found a new obsession – open ocean racing. In early 2007 David divested his interests in Satellite to pursue both new professional opportunities in the emerging digital media industry, spend more quality time with his family and personal challenges. David subsequently bought a 9 metre race yacht and competed in many harbour and coastal races. However, inspired by the desire for a challenge of enormous proportions, the opportunity to do something that very few have done, to inspire others to reach for their dreams and ultimately to educate people regarding plastics in the ocean David decided to seize the day and develop an education programme now called Project Plastic Soup and the awareness campaign by racing a Class 40 in both local competition and global double handed offshore racing . The intense pressure and sheer drama of double- handed racing appeals to David’s love of adventure and challenge. Throughout the campaign, David will be collaborating with conservation groups and research organizations to raise awareness about the global proliferation of plastic debris in the ocean – the so-called phenomenon of “plastic soup”